Structures, Surfaces and Interaction in Nature
This project researches the field of biomimicry and considers its use as a design tool. From nature-inspired pioneers such as Leonardo da Vinci, Buckminster Fuller and Ross Lovegrove through to Jane Benyus, who popularised the term biomimicry and promoted the idea of the industry having a better understanding of nature’s systems, process and materials so that this knowledge could be integrated into design and technology.
The project researches Carlos Montoya bringing together the five principles of nature proposed by Benyus and the sixteen basic patterns of biology from Hoagland and Maitland. The project seeks to understand natural systems, processes and principles which guide the natural world and how these ideas can influence design practice.
Through the use of commonalities of a simple structural model of support along with exploring how structures in nature can be defined as a formula or set of rules to understand information in structures, form and surface. The pattern “few themes generate many varieties” was then used as a guide for concept development, including how nature constructs bio-structures.
From this learning, a series of models were proposed and developed. These models demonstrate the functionality of compliant structures, that is, structures that made of equal amounts of tension and compression units. The functionality of these structures is encoded in the form of the structure.